American and Franco-American blood
in European trotting, 1950-2013

A research from 1950 until today

This study aimed to examine the influence of the so-called "Trotteur Francais" in the European Trotting outside France based on the results of the respective Derbies. These races offer in most nations insofar good representative cross-section, as they are usually run over long distances and thus would have to offer the popular meaning, this is an ideal base for the Franco-Norman Trotter. We devided the list into decades, to better illuminate the apportionment US-Standardbred :  French Trotter.

In addition, we have decided to begin this study from 1950 (64 years hence are detected), because the French influence before that time has mostly only very little to do with that of today, although of course the US-Stallions imports especially in the twenties of the last century (such as Sam Williams or The Great McKinney) had an enormous influence on the French and European trotting breeding. Today's meaning of the French Trotter stirred but obviously of much later, phased openings of the French stud book thanks stallions with significant contribution (or 100 %) of US blood as Florestan, Granit, Kimberland, later Workaholic, Speedy Crown, Speedy Somolli, Royal Prestige, Pershing, Mickey Viking, Sharif di Iesolo, etc., but of course also by the import of US dams (see the universal example Coktail Jet).

The investigation includes the Derby Winners of the countries of AustriaDenmarkFinlandGermany, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden. A total of 491 horses (note: the Italian Derby of 2013 was not yet gone, the Derby in Finland was founded in 1970) were included. The percentage figures should be under a deviation of +/- 2%, however, irrelevant to the overall result, as will be shown. For clarity, we have by blood from Russia, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Austria and Hungary the influences ultimately incorporated into those of the French statistics to give a better overall picture of the European Trotter. The percentages of these influences, however, are explicitly stated in the respective country.

Sweden (4yrs)
Derby since: 1928
Distances since 1950: 3000 Meters (1950 - 1954), 3200 Meters (1955 - 1959), 3140 Meters (1960), 3200 Meters (1961 - 1964), 3100 Meters (1965 - 1982), 2640 Meters (since 1983)

1950 – 1959:
10 Horses: 100% US
1960 – 1969:
  9 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     97% US : 03% RUS
1970 – 1979:
  6 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   80% US : 20% FR
  1 Horse:     64% US : 36% FR
  1 Horse:     53% US : 47% FR
1980 – 1989:
  6 Horses:  100% US
  2 Horses:    59% US : 41% FR
  1 Horse:      80% US : 20% FR
  1 Horse:      76% US : 24% FR
1990 – 1999:
  4 Horses:  100% US
  2 Horses:    79% US : 21% FR
  1 Horse:      91% US : 09% FR
  1 Horse:      88% US : 12% FR
  1 Horse:      80% US : 20% FR
  1 Horse:      71% US : 29% FR
2000 – 2009:
  2 Horses:    90% US : 10% FR
  2 Horses:    79% US : 21% FR
  1 Horse:    100% US
  1 Horse:      95% US : 03% FR : 02% RUS
  1 Horse:      83% US : 17% FR
  1 Horse:      73% US : 27% FR
  1 Horse:      65% US : 35% FR
  1 Horse:      59% US : 41% FR
2010 – 2013:
  2 Horses:    68% US : 32% FR
  1 Horse:    100% US
  1 Horse:      73% US : 27% FR

Total:            90% US : 10% FR
Complete List of Winners

Italy (3yrs)
Derby since: 1926
Distances since 1950: 2500 Meters (1950 - 1958), 2100 Meters (since 1959)

1950 – 1959:
  3 Horses: 100% US
  3 Horses:   78% US : 22% FR
  1 Horse:     97% US : 03% FR
  1 Horse:     83% US : 17% FR
  1 Horse:     98% US : 02% RUS
  1 Horse:     50% US : 50% FR
1960 – 1969:
  4 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     97% US : 03% FR
  1 Horse:     91% US : 09% FR
  1 Horse:     82% US : 18% FR
  1 Horse:     76% US : 24% FR
  1 Horse:     69% US : 31% FR
  1 Horse:     59% US : 41% FR
1970 – 1979:
  3 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     88% US : 12% FR
  1 Horse:     86% US : 14% FR
  1 Horse:     82% US : 18% FR   
  1 Horse:     80% US : 18% FR : 02% RUS
  1 Horse:     65% US : 35% FR
  1 Horse:     46% US : 54% FR
1980 – 1989:
  2 Horses:   91% US : 09% FR
  2 Horses:   89% US : 11% FR
  2 Horses:   72% US : 28% FR
  1 Horse:   100% US
  1 Horse:     94% US : 06% FR
  1 Horse:     80% US : 20% FR
  1 Horse:     66% US : 34% FR

1990 – 1999:
  4 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     99% US : 01% FR
  1 Horse:     98% US : 02% FR
  1 Horse:     96% US : 04% FR
  1 Horse:     88% US : 12% FR
  1 Horse:     82% US : 18% FR
  1 Horse:     21% US : 79% FR
2000 – 2009:
  2 Horses:   91% US : 09% FR
  2 Horses:   87% US : 13% FR
  1 Horse:     98% US : 02% FR
  1 Horse:     95% US : 05% FR
  1 Horse:     84% US : 16% FR
  1 Horse:     81% US : 19% FR
  1 Horse:     80% US : 20% FR
  1 Horse:     70% US : 30% FR
2010 bis 2012:
  2 Horses:   95% US : 05% FR
  1 Horse:     98% US : 02% FR

Total:           86% US : 14% FR 
Complete List of Winners

Germany (3yrs)
Derby since: 1895
Distances since 1950: 3200 Meters (1950 - 1978), 2000 Meters (1979 - 1985), 1900 Meters (since 1986)

1950 – 1959:
  5 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   89% US : 11% FR
  1 Horse:     97% US : 03% FR
  1 Horse:     94% US : 06% FR
  1 Horse:     92% US : 08% FR
1960 – 1969:
  5 Horses:   95% US : 05% FR
  2 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     91% US : 09% FR
  1 Horse:     66% US : 34% FR
  1 Horse:     51% US : 49% FR
1970 – 1979:
  4 Horses: 100% US
  3 Horses:   97% US : 03% FR
  1 Horse:     94% US : 06% RUS
  1 Horse:     77% US : 23% FR
  1 Horse:     75% US : 25% FR
1980 – 1989:
  4 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   97% US : 03% FR
  2 Horses:   90% US : 10% FR
  1 Horse:     99% US : 01% FR
  1 Hores:     99% US : 01% RUS
1990 – 1999:
  2 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   95% US : 05% FR
  2 Horses:   90% US : 10% FR
  1 Horse:     87% US : 13% FR
  1 Horse:     84% US : 16% FR
  1 Horse:     79% US : 21% FR
  1 Horse:     69% US : 31% FR
2000 – 2009:
  5 Horses:   95% US : 05% FR
  2 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   79% US : 21% FR
  1 Horse:     99% US : 01% FR
2010 – 2013:
  1 Horse:     99% US : 01% FR
  1 Horse:     95% US : 05% FR
  1 Horse:     85% US : 15% FR
  1 Horse:     68% US : 32% FR
Total:           91% US : 09% FR 
Complete List of Winners

Finland (4yrs)
Derby since: 1970
Distance since 1970:
 2600 Meters

1970 – 1979:
  5 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   56% US : 44% RUS
  1 Horse:     79% US : 21% RUS
  1 Horse:     77% US : 23% FR
  1 Horse:     75% US : 25% RUS

1980 – 1989:
  8 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     88% US : 12% FR
  1 Horse:     77% US : 23% FR

1990 – 1999:
  8 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     94% US : 06% FR
  1 Horse:     60% US : 40% FR
2000 – 2009:
  7 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     90% US : 10% FR
  1 Horse:     80% US : 20% FR
  1 Horse:     60% US : 40% FR
2010 – 2013:
  2 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     98% US : 02% FR
  1 Horse:     90% US : 10% FR

Total:           93% US : 07% FR
Complete List of Winners

Austria (4yrs)
Derby since: 1884
Distances since 1950: 3300 Meters (1950 - 1967), 2800 Meters (1968 - 1997), 2300 Meters (1998 - 2012), 2600 Meters (since 2013)
1950 – 1959:
  4 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   78% US : 22% FR
  2 Horses:   73% US : 27% FR
  1 Horse:     94% US : 06% FR
  1 Horse:     71% US : 29% FR

1960 – 1969:
  3 Horses:   89% US : 11% FR
  2 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   97% US : 03% FR
  1 Horse:     78% US : 12% FR
  1 Horse:     72% US : 28% FR
  1 Horse:     13% US : 87% FR
1970 – 1979:
  4 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   77% US : 23% FR
  1 Horse:     99% US : 01% FR
  1 Horse:     97% US : 03% FR
  1 Horse:     91% US : 09% FR
  1 Horse:     66% US : 34% FR
1980 – 1989:
  3 Horses:   91% US : 09% FR
  2 Horses:   97% US : 03% FR
  1 Horse:   100% US
  1 Horse:     87% US : 13% FR
  1 Horse:     85% US : 12% FR : 03% RUS
  1 Horse:     77% US : 23% FR
  1 Horse:     56% US : 44% FR 
1990 – 1999:
  3 Horses:   96% US : 04% FR
  2 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   99% US : 01% FR
  1 Horse:     94% US : 06% FR
  1 Horse:     88% US : 12% FR
  1 Horse:     80% US : 20% FR
2000 – 2009:
  5 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   98% US : 02% FR
  2 Horses:   96% US : 04% FR
  1 Horse:     78% US : 22% FR
2010 – 2013:
  1 Horse:     97% US : 03% FR
  1 Horse:     94% US : 06% FR
  1 Horse:     91% US : 09% FR
  1 Horse:     89% US : 11% FR
Total:           90% US : 10% FR
Complete List of Winners

The Netherlands (3yrs)
Derby since: 1907
Distances since 1950: 2400 Meters (1950 - 1954), 2500 Meters (1955 - 1982), 2600 Meters (since 1983)
1950 – 1959:
  4 Horses: 100% US  
  3 Horses:   75% US : 25% FR
  2 Horses:   62% US : 38% FR
  1 Horse:     72% US : 28% FR  
1960 – 1969:
  3 Horses:   88% US : 12% FR
  2 Horses:   97% US : 03% FR
  1 Horse:   100% US
  1 Horse:     68% US : 32% FR
  1 Horse:     54% US : 46% FR
  1 Horse:     47% US : 53% FR
  1 Horse:     38% US : 62% FR  
1970 – 1979:
  3 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     89% US : 11% FR
  1 Horse:     86% US : 14% FR
  1 Horse:     84% US : 16% FR
  1 Horse:     69% US : 31% FR
  1 Horse:     66% US : 25% FR : 09% GER
  1 Horse:     63% US : 31% FR : 06% BEL/NED
  1 Horse:     27% US : 73% FR
1980 – 1989:
  5 Horses:   97% US : 03% FR
  1 Horse:   100% US
  1 Horse:     94% US : 06% FR
  1 Horse:     90% US : 10% FR
  1 Horse:     88% US : 12% FR
  1 Horse:     46% US : 54% FR
1990 – 1999:
  4 Horses: 100% US
  3 Horses:   98% US : 02% FR
  2 Horses:   75% US : 25% FR
  1 Horse:     92% US : 08% FR
2000 – 2009:
  5 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   96% US : 04% FR
  1 Horse:     98% US : 02% FR
  1 Horse:     72% US : 28% FR
  1 Horse:     68% US : 32% FR
2010 – 2013:
  1 Horse:   100% US
  1 Horse:     98% US : 02% FR
  1 Horse:     77% US : 23% FR
  1 Horse:     67% US : 33% FR
Total:           73% US : 27% FR 
Complete List of Winners

Denmark (4yrs)
Derby since: 1898
Distance since 1950: 3000 Meters

1950 – 1959:
  8 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     99% US : 01% FR
  1 Horse:     91% US : 09% DEN
1960 – 1969:
  9 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     94% US : 06% FR
1970 – 1979:
  7 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     94% US : 06% FR
  1 Horse:     70% US : 30% FR
  1 Horse:     64% US : 36% FR
1980 – 1989:
  5 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   94% US : 06% FR
  2 Horses:   94% US : 06% RUS
  1 Horse:     82% US : 18% FR
1990 – 1999:
  10 Horses: 100% US
2000 – 2009:
  6 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   97% US : 03% FR
  1 Horse:     99% US : 01% FR
  1 Horse:     97% US : 03% FR
2010 – 2013:
  
2 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     73% US : 27% FR
  1 Horse:     67% US : 33% FR

Total:           97% US : 03% FR
Complete List of Winners

Norway (4yrs)
Derby since: 1932
Distance since 1950: 2600 Meter

1950 – 1959:
  6 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     97% US : 03% RUS
  1 Horse:     96% US : 04% FR
  1 Horse:     94% US : 06% RUS
  1 Horse:     78% US : 22% DEN  
1960 – 1969:
  9 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     58% US : 42% FR
1970 – 1979:
  5 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   89% US : 11% FR
  1 Horse:     88% US : 12% RUS
  1 Horse:     63% US : 17% FR
  1 Horse:     54% US : 46% FR
1980 – 1989:
  8 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     88% US : 12% NED
  1 Horse:     59% US : 41% FR
1990 – 1999:
  8 Horses: 100% US
  2 Horses:   59% US : 41% FR
2000 – 2009:
  4 Horses: 100% US
  3 Horses:   79% US : 21% FR
  1 Horse:     98% US : 02% FR
  1 Horse:     96% US : 04% FR
  1 Horse:     82% US : 18% FR
2010 – 2013:
  
2 Horses: 100% US
  1 Horse:     79% US : 21% FR
  1 Horse:     72% US : 28% FR

Total:           78% US : 22% FR
Complete List of Winners

Conclusion:

Sweden:
90% US : 10% FR

Italy:
86% US : 14% FR

Germany:
91% US : 09% FR

Finland:
93% US : 07% FR

Austria:
90% US : 10% FR

The Netherlands:
73% US : 27% FR

Denmark:
97% US : 03% FR

Norway:
78% US : 22% FR

Overall result:
87% US : 13% FR

Comment:

87% – As might be expected, a large proportion of US blood nourishes the European Derby winners since 1950, French influence is to register with 13%. There are in this study, very few horses, only 7 of 491 = 1,4 % (Sweden 0, Italy 2, Germany 0, Finland 0, Austria 1, Netherlands 4, Denmark 0, Norway 0), having a larger percentage excess of French blood. In the eight examined trotting nations two slightly fall from the rule, on the one hand Denmark with a huge surplus of US blood (97%), on the other hand, the Netherlands with a relatively high proportion of French blood (27%). For the future, no turnaround seems predictable, the American Standardbred trotter will defend his dominance, the so called "Trotteur Francais" will counter especially from the father side with top producers such as the practically in every European country successfu sire Love You (57% US-Blood...) on the other hand.

The Author likes to thank Per Johnsson/ www.thebloodbank.info and John Peck/ www.bluechipfamilies.com, their websites have been a big help.


2014_01

© Nikolaus Matzka 2014–2017